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What Role Does Refrigerant Play in Air Conditioning?

Of all the parts of the air conditioner, refrigerant is the most vital to its operation. It is the lifeblood of the air conditioning system, without which the entire unit won’t function. It is important that you know how your air conditioner uses refrigerant and what problems can occur with it. The more you know, the better equipped you’ll be to keep your air conditioner in good condition. With that in mind, let’s take a closer look at your air conditioner refrigerant.

What Is Refrigerant?

Refrigerant is broad term for a number of heat transfer liquids, artificial chemicals designed to transport heat from one place to another. When an air conditioner is installed, it is given a “charge” of refrigerant that is meant to last for the entire life of the air conditioner. The refrigerant is not consumed, but is instead recycled back and forth through the system.

How Does It Work?

During operation, the refrigerant flows into an evaporator coil inside the indoor unit of the air conditioner. This coil evaporates the refrigerant into gas, which draws heat out of the air. The refrigerant gas, now carrying the thermal energy from indoors, travels down the refrigerant line to the condenser coil outside. The condenser coil condenses the refrigerant gas back into a liquid, causing it to vent the thermal energy outside. Then, the refrigerant is sent back to the evaporator coil and the whole process starts over.

Problems with the Refrigerant

The biggest problem you have to watch out for with refrigerant is leaks in the refrigerant line. If a leak opens up in the line, it will eventually drain the air conditioner of the refrigerant it needs to operate. This will cause all sorts of problems, eventually leading to a complete system breakdown. If you notice liquid dripping from your air conditioner, have a professional look at it immediately.

If you suspect your air conditioner of having problems, call Rentmeister Total Home Service. We provide air conditioner repair services throughout Salt Lake City, UT.

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